In Vietnam, young women are increasingly moving from the countryside to cities to work in factories in industrial zones, where they are confronted with difficult living conditions. A study in French entitled “Accès aux droits des ouvrières au Vietnam – Quels dispositifs et quelles pratiques citoyennes” (Access to rights for women workers in Vietnam – What systems and what civic practices?), examines these new vulnerabilities in urban areas and the means for action that women workers can access to improve their situation. It gives an in-depth analysis of the economic, legal and social context in Vietnam, which is currently in a period of significant transition, and explores the extent to which this context is conducive to practices facilitating women workers’ access to rights and their independence thanks to these rights.
The institutional system and legal aid practices for workers are called into question: do mainstream civic practices exist? Do these practices, which are part of an empowerment approach, enable women workers to have increased self-confidence to participate in decision-making processes that concern them and thus take greater control of their lives? And generally speaking, what are the possible avenues for action?
This document was produced by Patricia Huyghebaert and Nguyen Gang following a mission conducted in 2016 by GRET and trade union CGT, under the auspices of the Vietnamese trade union, with trade union legal aid centres specialising in labour law located in industrial zones in seven provinces: Hanoi, Vinh Phuc, Hai Phong, Hai Duong, Dong Nai and Binh Duong.