Agro-ecology aims at ensuring a balanced and quality diet while restoring the fertility of the ecosystem, by limiting the use of non-renewable resources, protecting the environment and contributing to the fight against global warming. In the context of ecological crisis which primarily affects smallholder agriculture, agro-ecology could help enhance the food security of farmers through improved yields and less variable farm incomes, but also to decreased risk for human health and the environment by reducing the use of chemical inputs.
This is the approach GRET is experiencing in the field with farmers in the region of Siem Reap in Cambodia, as part of the Apici project
In order to achieve large-scale effects, agro-ecology must be developed. In the report, GRET and C2A have identified six conditions:
- Adoption of policies supporting small-scale farmers who are the best actors to implement agro-ecological practices. This includes securing access to land (land tenure);
- States must encourage farmers to invest in agro-ecology, including through grants or special loans;
- The generation and the dissemination of knowledge and specific skills: farmers’ experiments, sharing of experiences, agricultural advisory services, agricultural research, etc…
- The states and local governments should enhance the value of agro-ecological products, for example by supporting the creation of subsectors;
- The promotion of agricultural biodiversity and adoption of provisions in the national GMO control legislations.
Read the C2A report here: https://www.gret.org/wp-content/uploads/Rapport-Agro-ecologie-14.pdf
More information about the Apici Project in Cambodia: : https://www.gret.org/projet/appui-a-une-agriculture-intensive-peu-consommatrice-dintrants/