From 1 to 11 June, the German city of Bonn is the venue for the intermediate negotiations for a United Nations Climate Agreement, in preparation for the 21st Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 21) at the end of this year in Paris.
Bonn and its Arbitrations
On the agenda: Preparing the agreement which will be negotiated in Paris, with options and suboptions to be decided on in the 86-page text thrashed out in Geneva this February. Arbitrate – among 196 nations – a universal but differentiated and legally binding agreement which has the stated purpose of limiting the overall warming of the planet to 2°C, not forgetting the challenges of enabling communities to adapt to the consequences of climate disruption, is the task given to the participating countries.
But in the first week a reduction of only 5% could be achieved, and on redundancies, to the detriment of the absolutely key subjects. There are just a few days left to talk about it, and only two sessions (in August and October) before the crucial summit in Paris. Some negotiators want to speed things up while others are clearly worried.
Funding, Energies, Adaptation: The NGOs Want Ambitious and Real Solutions
GRET is present in Bonn, along with other French NGOs. With the Paris climate conference 200 days away, these NGOs are following the negotiatons on site and are sponsoring common positions.
In particular, the NGOs are asking for measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (giving up the use of fossil fuels and bringing in forms of energy which are 100% renewable by 2050,changing farming models, etc.) rather than compensations with pernicious effects (storing carbon in the ground and thereby taking away acres of land that could be used by small farmers and producers to guarantee food security, a non-dissuasive price for CO2, bogus solutions which are harmful to both human rights and the environment). They advocate greater funding, but also funding of a different kind: To enable communities to adapt to the consequences of climate change (the poor relation of climate funding), public and not just private, additional and given in the form of grants rather than just loans or investments.
To see all the positions sponsored: La note de position finale de Bonn (French Version)
In addition to the work group on the Durban platform for enhanced action (ADP) which is meeting to prepare the Paris agreement, other bodies are in Bonn to discuss highly debatable topics. The subsidiary bodies tasked with implementation (SBI) and scientific and technical advice (SBSTA) are working especially on an assessment of the current situation regarding agriculture to be included in the COP 22 next year. Meetings of technical experts (MTEs) are being held on renewable energies and energy efficiency in towns and cities. Forests and the REDD+ mechanisms are dealt with in nonofficial processes in which the experts face each other with theories and practices as well as science and experiences.
GRET is focused in particular on the REDD+ topics, energy, agriculture and sustainable towns/cities, linked to its particular areas of responsibility for solidarity-based development: GRET’s position