Since 2012, GRET has been leading the Promaiss project which supports the definition and implementation of a joint local policy for solid waste mangement in partnership with the City of Dolisie, which, with over 100,000 inhabitants, is the 3rd largest city in the Republic of Congo. After testing the system initially in a pilot neighbourhood with encouraging results, the city is expanding it to four more neighbourhoods.
The Promaiss project was designed to meet the requirements created by a context of strong demographic growth and rapid change due to the opening of roads to the country’s two main cities (Pointe Noire and Brazzaville). Dolisie has been experiencing new problems: an increase in illegal dumping sites (approximately 40), obstruction of rainwater channels and streams, indiscriminate incineration and an increase in the number of malaria and typhoid cases. Previous interventions in terms of pre-collection and evacuation of waste were unsuccessful. The project was designed in response to this situation.
The implementation of a pilot pre-collection service using waste collection motorcycles in April 2015 generated very promising results after just five months of operation in the Congo-africain neighbourhood, the first pilot neighbourhood: 81 % of dustbins collected, over 1,000 m3 of waste evacuated, between 65 and 80 % of waste collection taxes collected, demonstrating a high level of user satisfaction. 580 subscribers benefit from the waste collection service in this neighbourhood. In July 2015, the Municipality of Dolisie with support from GRET, went on to expand this municipally managed service in two other neighbourhoods: City-centre and Unité. Over 1,000 dustbins were distributed to households, small production units (restaurants, shops, etc.) and large production units (large hotels, administrative buildings, etc.). In October, two more neighbourhoods will benefit from the service. Awareness raising campaigns led by two local associations (meetings in residents’ homes, focus groups, posters and banners) and a TV advertisement are making inhabitants more aware of the health and environmental risks relating to waste, while at the same time providing information on the operation of the new collection service. The service now employs 18 people for the collection of waste and collection of the waste collection tax from users. Between now and the end of December, the service should be operating in five neighbourhoods in the city, covering almost 20 % of the city’s population.
Apart from pre-collection, a Household refuse transition area is being built and should be inaugurated in November 2015. It is located in the city centre to facilitate access for motorcycles and monitoring of the service. It will consist of a discharge platform below which tip trucks are located, into which the waste collection motorcycles will discharge the waste collected. The latter will be transported and discharged at a temporary site outside the city, while awaiting the results of studies for the construction of a permanent landfill.
Until 2016, GRET will continue to support the Municipality of Dolisie in its consolidation of this service and the implementation of a Municipal Environment and Cleanliness Department. Work on assessment and capitalisation will mobilise all members of the consultative forum on solid waste, which was set up as part of the project: decentralised services, users, neighbourhood chiefs, etc. These very promising initial results incited GRET and the Municipality of Dolisie to jointly design a new project that should enable the consolidation and expansion of the service to 60 % of urban and peri-urban neighbourhoods: phase 2 is open to new partners to support the change of scale of a system that has passed the experimentation phase.
Further information on the project (in French), this project is supported by european Union, the Commune de Dolisie and Fonds Suez initiatives.
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