The Case of Madagascar
In 2014, 620 million people did not have access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa, most of these in rural areas. The challenges are such that numerous States have modifi ed their sectoral framework to open the door to private companies. Against a backdrop of generally loss-making national electrifi cation companies and States that subsidise fuel to avoid the reality of electricity prices, public-private partnerships are often perceived as a miraculous solution that can develop access to electricity in rural areas. After almost 20 years of liberalisation in the electricity sector in Madagascar, the rate of access for rural households still remains one of the lowest in Africa. But this model should not be dismissed, and the experiment conducted by GRET demonstrates that by rebalancing the coalition of stakeholders, it is possible to mobilise the private sector to improve rural electrification. This is a key issue in both
development and the fi ght against climate change, which are two priorities on the 2015 international agenda.
Read the document : Building Balanced Stakeholder Coalitions for Rural Electrification