Half of the inhabitants of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, live in districts where sanitation services are inexistent or inadequate. This situation leads to repetitive cholera outbreaks, and a large number of illnesses caused by faeco-oral contamination. This is the context in which GRET conducted a study on management of excreta for the National Directorate of Drinking Water and Sanitation, aiming to contribute to the definition of a strategy for sanitation in vulnerable districts. Using data collected in approximately ten districts in Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien, based on pilot experiments conducted by various NGOs over the last six years, the study highlighted the low level of facilities in districts located on the coast and in the Mornes, especially in areas that were urbanised after 2010, as well as the poor quality of facilities. Sludge emptying is rarely practiced and not managed, and sludge treatment is inexistent. Among the recommendations made, GRET suggests vigorous advocacy to improve access to water in the districts, where service levels have been decreasing since 2010, creating obstacles for investment by households in sanitation.
The study was presented in May during the “Sectoral dialogue on sanitation” forum organised by the National directorate for water and sanitation in Haiti (Dinepa) and the World Bank. A work group on urban sanitation was set up within the Drinking water and sanitation platform, which brings together several NGOs and civil society players in order to continue reflection.