On 18 January last, GRET officially launched a new project in Haiti, the objective of which is to improve food and nutrition security for rural households in Gros-Morne, as well as their resilience to crises.
In the Gros-Morne commune, located in the Artibonite department of Haiti, rural families are faced with recurrent food and nutrition crises. According to the CNSA (Haitian national food security coordination), 38% of the overall population were still living in food insecurity in 2012. The structural causes of food insecurity are above all related to poverty, but also to the degradation of the environment, excessive demographic density, poor road and communication infrastructures and insufficient availability & distribution of electricity. This insecurity is aggravated by transient causes relating to extreme climate phenomena such as drought, tropical cyclones and floods. Artibonite is in fact the department with the highest level of chronic malnutrition in Haiti: 23.1 % of children are affected, according to the SMART study conducted in 2012. The main reasons are unsuitable feeding and care practices, diarrhoeal diseases and cholera.
The CAPAGRINUT project, financed by the European Union, is led by GRET and its partners SOS Enfants Sans Frontières (SOS ESF) and the Association of People Originally from Grand Plaine (AOG), in collaboration with the ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development, the ministry of the Population and Public Health, and the municipality of Gros-Morne. The project aims to improve food and nutrition security for families living in humid mountainous zones in the 3rd, 6th and 8th communal sections of Gros-Morne. To achieve this, CAPAGRINUT focuses on a variety of diverse activities, in particular facilitating the development of fruit tree cultivation and market gardening, as well as support for the processing of local productions with high added value (mangoes, cassava and sugar cane). Educational campaigns on recommended nutrition and hygiene practices will also be launched, and locally produced complementary food will be made available to prevent malnutrition among children between the ages of 6 and 24 months. Lastly, support and advice activities will be proposed to families in order to better integrate food and nutrition security strategies, as well as resilience strategies. The latter will be accompanied by information sessions on contingency plans in place.
These crises have become structural and can have significant impact on food and nutrition security. By helping these vulnerable populations over the next three years to identify and prevent crises and their impacts, CAPAGRINUT will contribute to strengthening their resilience capacity.