The village of Hamouro, in the Mahoran commune of Bandrélé, was ranked by the French National institute of statistics and economic studies as a village with “very disadvantaged living conditions”. In particular, Hamouro has considerable sanitation problems. Waste water in the village affects public & private sanitation systems and the quality of bathing waters, to which public access is now prohibited. The ecological balance of the lagoon, an area classified as sensitive, is also suffering. Since 2015, the commune has been working with the Agence régionale de santé de l’océan Indien (in french) (ARS-Indian Ocean regional health agency) to find new solutions to remedy these unhealthy sanitary conditions.
With support from GRET and Gescod (in French) – Great Eastern France region solidarity and cooperation for Development, the municipality of Bandrélé replied to a call for projects by the ARS 2017 Regional intervention fund. Their application was accepted and the implementation of a project including a “territorial non-collective sanitation strategy for the village of Hamouro” was also agreed on.
The pilot project, launched in May 2018 with technical assistance from GRET and Gescod (in French), is targeting two main objectives:
- Develop an integrated non-collective sanitation strategy in Hamouro, taking into account the multiple components of poor water hygiene and surface and ground water pollution. This action will contribute to improving sanitation in the village, community health for inhabitants and the quality of water resources. Water in the lagoon, and in particular bathing waters at Hamouro beach, will also benefit from this project.
- Capitalise on the teachings of this operation in order to cross-reference this experimentation with other complex urban planning operations developing a non-collective sanitation chain. The objective is to appropriately replicate the findings of this operation in other non-collective sanitation sites or sites requiring transitory sanitation solutions, without waiting for the implementation of collective sanitation systems – especially when the latter are planned over the long term, as is the case in Mayotte.