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COP 21: Climate and Forests

Protection of Forests: The Issue of Innovative Funding Mechanisms

Deforestation is responsible for 10% of greenhouse gas emissions. Promoting a permanent and environment-friendly type of agriculture as an alternative to clearing is a strong reduction issue in the world’s lungs (Brazilian Amazonia, the Congo Basin, South-East Asia, etc.), but is in no way detrimental to the living conditions of communities inhabiting the forests. Strengthening the resilience of families implies enabling them access to productive resources and making it possible for them to diversify their activities. This presupposes a land planning and development approach, and that forests and environmental spaces be managed by the communities inhabiting them.
Innovative incentive and stimulus funding mechanisms were discussed and tested on different scales. The REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) mechanism, designed as a means of rewarding the poor and underdeveloped countries for their results in curbing deforestation, but which has as yet never been rolled out on a project scale, has so far achieved only poor results. The carbon performance benchmark is too low to measure the performance of public policies, whereas the challenge is to provide the poor and underdeveloped countries with land tenure security instruments as well as regional development instruments. Incentive and stimulus instruments such as payment for environmental services (PES), which provide financial compensation for abandoning the practices of exploiting forests, are supposed to be the investment vector necessary for upgrading forest development practices.

See the Gret’s position on Payment for environmental services (PES): Garantir des Paiements pour services environnementaux contribuant au développement solidaire (French Version)

See the Gret’s, Les Amis de la Terre and Cirad analysis on the REDD+ Mechanism and PES: Le mécanisme REDD+ et les Paiements pour Services (French Version)

GRET is implementing solutions on the field, especially in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to face the lack of tools for the fight against climate change.

See the solutions:
Simple Management Plans for Customary Lands
Community Agro-Forestry to Reconcile Food Safety and Energy Safety

Interview of Judicaël Fétiveau, Natural Resource Management Expert with GRET:

GRET is conducting this advocacy in tandem with Coordination SUD, and has worked on this subject with the a Groupe Initiatives, the CIRAD and Friends of the Earth. It is currently working on the possibility of setting up a PES system in Madagascar, analysing the carbon impacts of its agroforest project in Katanga (DRC), and providing legal support for the REDD+ process in the future Maï-Ndombe province in DRC regarding the issue of how the benefits will be shared out.

Hear GRET at Cop 21 on the subject of forest and climate:

  • Tuesday 8 December, GRET has organised a morning event at the Coordination SUD stand (Climate generations area) on Redd+ judicial approaches from 10.30 am to 12.30 pm

Expert: Judicael Fetiveau, forestry expert with GRET

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