- Patricia Huyghebaert
- Editor : Gret
- Collection : Politiques et Pratiques de développement
- Year : 2013/03
- 4 p.
- Language(s) : Français, Anglais
- Theme(s) : Development Policy/Cooperation
The 1966 United Nations Covenant on Civil and Political Rights makes official “political” rights—referring to the right to vote, freedom of expression (including the right to oppose the authorities), the right of peaceful assembly— and “civil” rights—that is to say, all individual liberties such as, for example, the right to life, the right to not be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention, not be tortured, the right to a fair trial, the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, etc.
The 1966 United Nations Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights guarantees basic rights of access to means of subsistence: the right to an adequate standard of living (including the right to housing, food, water, etc.), the right to an education, the right to work and the enjoyment of just and favorable working conditions, the right to form and join trade unions, the right to social security, the right to protect one’s family, the right to health, etc.
Article 1 of both Covenants recognizes the right to self-determination. By virtue of this right, people “freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.”