Access to energy is a major stake for the advancement of developing countries, and necessary to attain the various Millennium Development Goals. The aim is to reconcile good resource management and populations’ right to their development. A comprehensive vision is necessary to limit socioeconomic and ecologic risks while ensuring economic effectiveness.
GRET has been active in the energy sector for more than twenty years, initially through projects distributing improved cook stoves and solar dryers, and today by implementing electrification programs using hydraulic, solar and wind energy and through an cooking fuel program utilizing typha charcoal. Alongside these technical aspects, GRET’s position has evolved greatly when it comes to institutional issues, mobilizing public and private actors to make access to energy sustainable for populations. The actions are organized along three lines:
- Promoting renewable energies: Their interest for fighting climate change (developing countries are most affected) justifies developing them and requires the support of the public authorities.
- Instituting good energy governance by setting up delegation, management and regulation modalities in emerging institutional frameworks, building the capacities of the parties involved in services, and taking into account solidarity mechanisms to extend energy access to all and especially to poor households.
- Sharing information: This is still crucial for project development and pooling good practices within the community of energy actors. The flow of information is no longer only from developed countries to developing countries: numerous initiatives are spreading from one developing country to another.